This article focuses on the background of the problem, what it means for nearly half the people of the developing world who lack adequate sanitation and hygiene. Today, an estimated 2.4 to 2.6 billion individuals lack access to any type of improved sanitation facility according to the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) half of the developing world, more than 35 % of the world’s population lack access to adequate sanitation. And, poor sanitation and hygiene are inextricably linked to water quality.
The drought and famine once again blighting the Horn of Africa brings with it an unwelcome reminder that for all of mankind’s achievements we are yet to eradicate the scourge of poverty or to provide clean water, sanitation or basic health care for the world’s most desperate people.
This 2009, the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP) is joining the world community in observing World Water Day.
The Ghana Hydropower Project has been described as the largest and most ambitious single project implemented since Ghana’s independence in 1957. The project was conceived as a symbol of sound economic progress in the newly independent country. It was intended as multi-purpose project because in addition to the generation of electric power for industry and for urban and rural household energy needs, it was to provide opportunities for large-scale irrigation, modernisation of agriculture, promotion of factories and industries, and the establishment of tourist facilities.