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An Unmanned Aircraft System Promises To Close A Key Gap In Knowledge For Climate Modelers

Going where larger, human-piloted planes cannot, a new unmanned aircraft system promises to close a key gap in knowledge for climate modelers seeking to measure and eventually predict exactly what's going on underneath Antarctic Ice Sheets.


Scientists To Study Pacific Ocean's "Global Chimney"

Remote waters affect billions of people, shape climate and air chemistry worldwide

The remote waters of the Western tropical Pacific Ocean region affect billions of people by shaping climate and air chemistry worldwide. Beginning the week of January 13, 2014, scientists will head to the region to better understand its influence on the atmosphere, including how that influence may change in coming decades if storms over the Pacific become more powerful with rising global temperatures.

New Research Reveals The Biomechanics Of How Marine Snails Swim

Equipped with high-speed, high-resolution video, researchers discovered how the larvae of Atlantic slipper limpets, marine snails, swim, a behavior that determines individual dispersal and ultimately, survival.


Underwater Camera Rig Built by Students and Teacher Deployed to Observe Antarctic Fish

The icy Southern Ocean that surrounds Antarctica is about as cold, stormy and inhospitable a body of water as can be imagined. But thanks to the ingenuity of a group of high-school students, their teacher and a miniature video camera on a cable, it has also become a real-life classroom for budding marine engineers.


Human Disease Leptospirosis Identified in the Banded Mongoose in Africa

 Scientists find widespread but neglected disease is significant health threat in Botswana

The newest public health threat in Africa, scientists have found, is coming from a previously unknown source: the banded mongoose. Leptospirosis, the disease is called. And the banded mongoose carries it. Leptospirosis is the world's most common illness transmitted to humans by animals. It's a two-phase disease that begins with flu-like symptoms. If untreated, it can cause meningitis, liver damage, pulmonary hemorrhage, renal failure and death.

 


Game as Tool for Tracking How Infectious Diseases Move Through a Population Developed by Researchers

An innovative tool for teaching the fundamentals of epidemiology, the science of how infectious diseases move through a population, has been developed by an international team of scientists. The tool is helping epidemiologists improve the mathematical models they use to study outbreaks of diseases like cholera, AIDS and malaria.

 


Time of Year Important in Projections of Climate Change Effects on Ecosystems

 

Results of study on prairie grasslands show differences across the months. Does it matter whether long periods of hot weather, such as last year's heat wave that gripped the U.S. Midwest, happen in June or July, August or September?  Scientists studying the subtle effects of heat waves and droughts say that when such weather events happen makes a big difference.

 


Lifecycle of Water in the Susquehanna River Basin May Reveal Answers for Drought Prone Areas

Water is a precious resource many take for granted until there is too little or too much. Scientists and engineers have positioned instruments at the Susquehanna Shale Hills Observatory at Pennsylvania State University to learn much more about the water cycle there. It is one of six Critical Zone Observatories in the United States.


Study of Deer Mice on California's Channel Islands Provides New Information on Hantavirus

Precipitation and predators key in ecological regulation of infectious disease: Researchers show that just three ecological factors--rainfall, predator diversity and island size and shape--can account for nearly all the differences in infection rates between the eight Channel Islands off the southern coast of California.


Decontaminating Dangerous Drywall: Nanomaterial in novel home-air treatment counters hazards from toxic drywall

A nanomaterial originally developed to fight toxic waste is now helping reduce debilitating fumes in homes with corrosive drywall.


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