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Foundation for Otters

Otters have almost totally disappeared in Western Europe and the number of this species is gradually decreasing today all over Europe. Poaching is on the rise, and populations are fragmented and isolated. Today, the main causes in Western countries are the destruction of wetland habitats and water pollution.

Policy Dynamics and Alley Farming Adoption in West and Central Africa

Traditional agricultural practice in Africa involves shifting cultivation in which cultivated land is left to fallow so that soil fertility is restored. However, increased land demand from a growing population is placing constraints on this practice. Alternatives to this farming practice have become inevitable.

Prospects for suppressing dengue transmission by means of biological agents.

A biological agent that would most effectively reduce risk of dengue transmission would act against the adult stage of the vector mosquito. Beyond anecdotal references to swallows, dragonflies and ants, however, no biological agent has yet been developed specifically for use against a domestic vector of an arbovirus.

Using carbon emission credits to promote environmentally sensitive agriculture

Forests and tree plantations are seen as part of the solution since they store carbon at a rate 20 to 100 times more per acre than pastures and croplands. The substitution of composting and other organic techniques for fertilizers and pesticides on tree plantations also allows for increased carbon storage.

Bole, Ghana: Research and development of the shea tree and its products

In recent years the shea tree has gained importance as an economic crop because of the heavy demand for its butter, both locally and internationally. In recognition of the need to find substitutes for the rather expensive cocoa products, and to maximize economic exploitation of the vast shea resource in Ghana, the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) initiated scientific research into the cultivation and processing of shea nuts.

The Santos Beaches Recovery Program

Sewage discharge from illegal drainage pipes caused pervasive coastal and water pollution in the city of Santos, Brazil. Erosion of the local tourist industry then caused a deep recession in the 1970s.

The improved septic tanks project

In Bagadadji, one of the oldest areas of Bamako, Mali, a project entitled "Improved Cesspools" was designed and is carried out on the basic premise that the local population should be involved in managing their own environment.

Enterprising Technology Transfer: The Puerto Morelos Composting Toilet Project

In 1993, The ReSource Institute for Low Entropy Systems (ReSource) started a sanitation and pollution prevention project in Puerto Morelos, Mexico that has composting toilets as its technological centerpiece.

Spiders Reduce Risks, Increase Yields for China's Farmers

Worldwide, about a million people are poisoned by pesticides each year; ten thousand of these victims die from such poisonings. The risks are greatest in developing countries. Ninety-nine percent of the deaths caused by agricultural chemicals occur in those countries.

Adoption and impact of dry-season dual-purpose cowpea in the Nigerian semiarid region

In the semiarid zones of sub-Saharan Africa, crop and livestock farming forms the source of sustenance for resource-poor farmers. But the dry season is usually marked with food scarcity, reduced food availability, and lower village-level economic activities.

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