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The Parks and People Project of Nepal

Conservation of parks and reserves in Nepal

Iwokrama International Rain Forest Programme: Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Management of Forests and Biodiversity

Iwokrama’s fundamental objective is to define the extent to which sustainable utilization of tropical forest resources is compatible with their conservation and to determine the impact of such utilization on their biodiversity. Iwokrama’s rain forests are in this respect a ‘living laboratory’ for research on these issues.

Environmental Management and Protection of the Black Sea: the Black Sea Environmental Programme

The Black Sea Programme is a regional programme based on Agenda 21 insofar as it strives to protect its natural resources and the restoration of the ecosystem.

Main objectives are:

  • to improve the capacity of Black Sea countries to assess and manage the environment
  • to support the development and implementation of environmental strategies
  • to facilitate the preparation of sound environmental investments
The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary management plan

A citizen advisory council assisted the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in developing the Sanctuary management plan. This council made recommendations to NOAA on the preferred components of the plan. One of these components was the zoning action plan, which designated five individual zone types in which certain activities were restricted.

Government-supported, village-based management of marine resources in Vanuatu

Effectively monitoring and managing small, multi-species, multi-method nearshore fisheries along conventional western lines has generally failed in developing countries (e.g. Smith, 1991)1, including those in Oceania. Despite several decades of effort, participants in the l988 SPC Workshop on Inshore Fisheries Resources concluded that there were "few, if any, Pacific Island inshore fisheries which are currently managed."

"The ‘Guardians of Wildlife...Wild is Beautiful’ project of "Pracownia na rzecz wszystkich istot" — "Workshop for All Beings"

"The ‘Guardians of Wildlife...Wild is Beautiful’ project of "Pracownia na rzecz wszystkich istot" — "Workshop for All Beings"-— seeks to protect the environment of Poland by helping local communities become knowledgeable about their local environment and enabling them to better articulate the conservation issue they need to pursue.

Integrated aquaculture provides viable alternative to slash-and-burn agriculture, reducing destruction of tropical forests

Many nations are taking steps to protect the tropical rain forests within their borders by creating parks and nature reserves. But it is clear that this kind of action can protect merely a fraction of the world’s rain forest lands. Maintaining parks and reserves is expensive, especially for governments who are trying to meet the competing needs of other people for income and for land on which to live.

Juan Guevera’s job is to help the farmers who live in the area around the city of Pucallpa, in the part of the Amazon Basin that lies in Peru, meet their needs for food and income.

A cryogenic seed bank for preservation of endangered plant species

By training, Harold Koopowitz is a neurobiologist, someone who studies the brains and nervous systems of animals. As a child, he collected wildflowers in his native South Africa, and he continued his hobby when he moved to the United States to pursue his profession. When he learned about the high rates of endangerment and extinction faces by plants, he decided to devote some of his scientific ingenuity to their protection. Today, Koopowitz directs the arboretum at the University of California at Irvine. One component of the arboretum’s activities is a cryogenic seed bank.

A special “dike with doors” prevents flooding and simultaneously preserves the ecology of the Eastern Scheldt Delta.

One-third of the modern Netherlands lies below sea level. Much of this low-lying land abuts the North Sea, a body of water that supports Holland’s great shipping and fishing industries but also represents, in times of storms of high seas, a threat to the lives and livelihoods of the Dutch people.

It was a combination of political will and technological ingenuity that eventually created a way for the Dutch people to meet the needs both of safety and of the environment.

The Bonaire National Marine Park

The Bonaire Marine Park is considered by many to be one of the world's most successful marine protected areas (MPAs). Bryant et al (1998) estimate that there are at least 400 MPAs including coral reefs in more than 65 countries and territories. However, many MPAs exist only as "paper parks" where legislation is not enforced, resources are lacking and management plans are not properly carried out.

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